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English Grammar Tutorials
About Lesson

THE NOUN – NUMBER

(1.Singular Number, 2.Plural Number)

Definition :

Numbers are often used before nouns to tell you exactly how many people or things there are.

Numbers are adjectives, too. They tell us how many people, animals, or things there are. Sometimes they are called adjectives of quantity.

e.g.

I have two childrens We bought three books
two princes seven elves sixteen snails
one giant a hundred many more
 

1. Singular Number :

Definition :

A noun that denotes only ONE person or thing is said to be in the SINGULAR NUMBER.

e.g.

Book Basis Index

2. Plural Number :

Definition :

A noun that denotes MORE THAN ONE person or thing is said to be in the PLURAL NUMBER.

e.g.

Books Bases Indices

Formation of Plurals

The usual construction of plural nouns from singular nouns is to add -s to the end of a word.

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
Bird Birds Boy Boys
Dog Dogs Chair Chairs
Cat Cats Table Tables
Cow Cows Desk Desks

Nouns ending in -s, -sh, -ch, -o, -x, or -z form the plural by adding -es to the singular; as,

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
Bus Buses Match Matches
Brush Brushes Tax Taxes
Mango Mangoes Hero Heroes
Buzz Buzzes Kis Kisses

A few nouns ending in -o merely add -s; as,

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
Dynamo Dynamos Piano Pianos
Ratio Ratios Memento Mementos
Photo Photos Stereo Siereos
Logo Logos Canto Cantos
video videos zoo zoos
kangaroo kangaroos hippo hippos

Nouns ending in -y, preceded by a consonant, form their plural by changing –y into –i and adding –es,

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
City Cities Duty Duties
Baby Babies Lady Ladies
Army Armies Story Stories

Nouns ending in -y, preceded by a vowels, form their plural by adding –s to the singular,

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
Boy Boys Day Days
Monkey Monkeys Key Keys
Toy Toys Way Ways

Nouns ending in -f or -fe form their plural by changing -for -fe into v and adding -es ; as,

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
Calf Calves Thief Thieves
Leafe Leaves Knife Knives
Self Selves Wife Wives

some nouns that end in f are made plural simply by adding s.

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
chief chiefs handkerchief handkerchiefs
roof roofs cliff cliffs

Some nouns that end in f can be made plural in two ways.

e.g.

Singular Plural Plural
scarf scarfs scarves
hoof hoofs hooves
wharf wharfs wharves
dwarf dwarfs dwarves

Irregular nouns :

A few nouns form their plural by changing the inside vowel of the singlar; as,

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
Man Men Thief Thieves
Woman Women Tooth Theeth
Analysis Analyses Goose Geese

A few nous form their plural by adding –en to singular: as

e.g.

Singular Plural Singular Plural
Ox Oxen Child children

Some nouns have the singular and the plural alike.

e.g.

Sheep Deer Swine Cod
Trout salmon aircraft spacecraft
Series species pair score
Hundred thousand (when used after numerals) gross  

Some nouns are used only in the plural.

These nouns are always plural.

e.g.

Scissors Spectacles Tongs Trousers
Drawers Draughts Jeans pyjamas
Mumps Measles Billiards Assets
thanks tidings aims riches
shorts pants binoculars scissors

Some nouns are used commonly in Singular.

The following nouns look plural but are in fact singular

e.g.

Civics Maths News Physics
electronics measles billiards Politics

Certain collective Nouns though singular in form, are always used as plurals: as

e.g.

poultry cattle people gentry

Some nouns given different meaning when they are in singular and plural.

e.g.

Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
Air Gas around us Airs unnatural manners
Good Fine, nice Goods Luggage
Copper a kind of metal Coppers police men
Wood Timber Woods forest
Compass Range Compasses an instrument for drawing circles
Respect Regard Respects Compliments
Physic medicine Physics natural science
Force strength Forces troops

The plural form for numbers and letters is made by adding apostrophe and s.

e.g.

do’s and don’ts Two 2’s are four

 

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