ERROR SPOTTING IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR
When Use Of Articles :
|It takes me a hour to reach the temple.||ans: an hour|
– words beginning with ‘h’ such as:
– hour, honour, honest, heir historical (adjective) are considered silent, so the vowel following it takes ‘an’ for the article.
– hence an hour, an heir, an honour etc.
|An European visited in India.||ans: A European|
– when ‘u’ or ‘eu’ takes a ‘u’ or ‘you’ pronunciation (‘y’ is a consonant) so the article ‘a’ should be used.
– hence a European, a university, a union, a unit, etc.
|Game came to an end soon.||ans: The game|
– we are talking about a particular game.
|Rich should help poor.||ans: The rich … the poor|
– rich / poor represent the people representations use ‘the’
Errors In Using Prepositions:
|Divide this apple amoung Robert and David.||ans: between|
– amoung (to be used for more than two)
|Divide this apple between the girls.||ans: amoung|
– between (to be used for only two)
|I go to school on bus / on bike||ans: by (for vehicles)|
– use ‘on foot’ to mean ‘we walk’ to school.
|She aims to do well in the exams.||ans: use aim ‘at’|
– She aims at doing well in the exams.
|The patient is now free of danger.||ans: free from|
– use free ‘from’ danger/risk/disease.
|She called at her friend.||ans: called on|
– use called ‘at’ a place … his friend’s house.
– use called ‘on’ a person -> means to visit.
Agreement Of The Subject And The Verb:
|Rosy and Sarah is friends.||ans: are friends|
– use plural verbs for ‘and’.
|She or he have done well.||ans: has done|
– when ‘or’ joins two subjects, the verb agrees with the second subject.
|She or he is…||David or his friends are…||My friends or I am…|
|The chief minister as well as his followers are at the meeting.||ans: – is|
|The boys with their teacher are out in the field.||ans: – are|
|The moon along with the stars shine at night.||ans: – shines|
– when using ‘with / along with / together with / as well as’ the verb should agree with the first subject.
|Either my neighbour or her children is coming for dinner.||ans: are|
|Neither they nor I were mistaken.||ans: was|
– when using either-or / neither-nor the verb agrees with the second subject.
|Each of them are England citizens.||ans: is|
|Everyone of the barrels are full.||ans: is|
|Not one of the boys are doing well.||ans: is|
|One of the boys are missing.||ans: is|
– sentences using ‘each of / everyone of / one of / not one of’ use the singular form of the verb.
|None of them have arrived yet.||ans: has|
|None is genuine.||ans: are|
– None of -> uses singular verb. (has)
– None -> uses plural verb. (are)
Errors In Use Of Pronouns:
|One must not reveal his secrets to all.||ans: one’s secrets to all|
– ‘one’ as a subject should use one’s.
– reason -> ‘one’ does not indicate the gender-where male / female.
Errors In Use Of Conjunctions:
|As we were late so we apologised.||ans: As we were late we apologised.|
– use either ‘as’ or ‘so’
– do not use both ‘as … so’. Each sentence should use only one conjunction.
|The woman is so poor and she cannot save anyting.||ans: The woman is so poor that he cannot save anything.|
– use ‘so’ with ‘that…not’.
|She has been waiting for you since 3 hours.||ans: waiting for you since 3 p.m..|
– use ‘since’ to denote the starting time of action.
– ‘for’ for calculating time.
waiting for you for 3 hours.
Errors In Use Of Plurals:
|Much water are wasted.||ans: Much water is wasted.|
– use ‘is’ – singular verb.
– reason -> ‘much’ is used for uncountable nouns.
|Many students has turned up for the seminar.||ans: Many students have turned up….|
– use ‘have’ -> plural verb.
– ‘many’ is used for countable noun.