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Subject And Predicate
Idioms And Phrases
Definition – Question Tag
English Grammar Tutorials
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When Use Of Articles :

Example 1

It takes me a hour to reach the temple. ans: an hour

– words beginning with ‘h’ such as:

– hour, honour, honest, heir historical (adjective) are considered silent, so the vowel following it takes ‘an’ for the article.
– hence an hour, an heir, an honour etc.

Example 2

An European visited in India. ans: A European

– when ‘u’ or ‘eu’ takes a ‘u’ or ‘you’ pronunciation (‘y’ is a consonant) so the article ‘a’ should be used.
– hence a European, a university, a union, a unit, etc.

Example 3

Game came to an end soon. ans: The game

– we are talking about a particular game.

Example 4

Rich should help poor. ans: The rich … the poor

– rich / poor represent the people representations use ‘the’


Errors In Using Prepositions:

Example 1

Divide this apple amoung Robert and David. ans: between

– amoung (to be used for more than two)

Example 2

Divide this apple between the girls. ans: amoung

– between (to be used for only two)

Example 3

I go to school on bus / on bike ans: by (for vehicles)

– use ‘on foot’ to mean ‘we walk’ to school.

Example 3

She aims to do well in the exams. ans: use aim ‘at’

– She aims at doing well in the exams.

Example 4

The patient is now free of danger. ans: free from

– use free ‘from’ danger/risk/disease.

Example 5

She called at her friend. ans: called on

– use called ‘at’ a place … his friend’s house.

– use called ‘on’ a person -> means to visit.


Agreement Of The Subject And The Verb:

Example 1

Rosy and Sarah is friends. ans: are friends

– use plural verbs for ‘and’.

Example 2

She or he have done well. ans: has done

– when ‘or’ joins two subjects, the verb agrees with the second subject.

She or he is David or his friends are My friends or I am

Example 3

The chief minister as well as his followers are at the meeting. ans: – is
The boys with their teacher are out in the field. ans: – are
The moon along with the stars shine at night. ans: – shines

– when using ‘with / along with / together with / as well as’ the verb should agree with the first subject.

Example 4

Either my neighbour or her children is coming for dinner. ans: are
Neither they nor I were mistaken. ans: was

– when using either-or / neither-nor the verb agrees with the second subject.

Example 5

Each of them are England citizens. ans: is
Everyone of the barrels are full. ans: is
Not one of the boys are doing well. ans: is
One of the boys are missing. ans: is

– sentences using ‘each of / everyone of / one of / not one of’ use the singular form of the verb.

Example 6

None of them have arrived yet. ans: has
None is genuine. ans: are

– None of -> uses singular verb. (has)

– None -> uses plural verb. (are)


Errors In Use Of Pronouns:


One must not reveal his secrets to all. ans: one’s secrets to all

– ‘one’ as a subject should use one’s.

– reason -> ‘one’ does not indicate the gender-where male / female.


Errors In Use Of Conjunctions:

Example 1

As we were late so we apologised. ans: As we were late we apologised.

– use either ‘as’ or ‘so’

– do not use both ‘as … so’. Each sentence should use only one conjunction.

Example 2

The woman is so poor and she cannot save anyting. ans: The woman is so poor that he cannot save anything.

– use ‘so’ with ‘that…not’.

Example 3

She has been waiting for you since 3 hours. ans: waiting for you since 3 p.m..

– use ‘since’ to denote the starting time of action.

– ‘for’ for calculating time.

waiting for you for 3 hours.


Errors In Use Of Plurals:

Example 1

Much water are wasted. ans: Much water is wasted.

– use ‘is’ – singular verb.

– reason -> ‘much’ is used for uncountable nouns.

Example 2

Many students has turned up for the seminar. ans: Many students have turned up….

– use ‘have’ -> plural verb.

– ‘many’ is used for countable noun.

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