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The Verb

Definition Of Verb:

A verb is an action or express word. It indicates the action or express in the present, past and future tenses.

The Principal Parts Of Verbs

Verbs have four principal parts of verbs or fundamental forms that are used to create a tense

List Of Verbs

Present Past Past Participle Present Participle
abandon abandoned abandoned abandoning
accept accepted accepted accepting
go went gone going
take took taken taking
become became became becoming
cut cut cut cutting
read read read reading
complete completed completed completing
delete deleted deleted deleting

Agreement Of The Verb With The Subject


A verb must agree with its Subject in Number and Person. When we use a verb, we have to say who or what is doing the action. This ‘who or what’ is the subject of the verb. The subject and the verb agree when they match each other.

Singular Verb

Use a singular verb if the subject is a singular noun.

Examples Of Singular Verb.

John goes to office She eats a mango
The poet composes poetry They build a temple

This form of the verb is called the third person singular. You use it when the subject of the verb is not you or the person you are speaking to, but some other person – a third person – or a thing. The third person singular verbs that end in ‘s


Runs Waits Goes Rings


My uncle and guardian has come Mom and Dad love us

Plural Verb

Use a plural verb if the subject is a plural noun. Do not add s, es or ies to plural verbs. Plural verbs are also used with the pronouns I, we, you and they.


My brothers listen to music a lot Some people drink coffee
The stars shine brightly on a clear night Some children learn very fast
I listen to music a lot We drink tea on every day
You eat well They build a temple

The Verb gives us what people, animals or things are doing. It has six basic verb forms :

The Six Basic Verb Forms


Base Form walk go
Present walk / walks go / goes
Past walked went
Infinitive to walk to go
Present Participle walking going
Past Participle Walked gone

Base Form

The base form is the source for the present, infinitive, and past participle of the verb.


Present :

This refers to something that is existing or happening now or happens routinely.


do my homework daily
He goes to temple

The main difference between the present and base forms is that the third-person singular present form adds -s or -es to the base form of the verb;


Past :

This form of a verb is used to indicate that something has already been completed.


did my homework He went to temple

Infinitive :

The infinitive of a verb consists of to 1 its base form.


to buy to get to go

Past Participle:

This is formed by regular verbs or irregular verbs. It is used with the helping verb such as has, have or had.


I have completed my homework
She has come home

Present Participle:

This is formed by adding -ing to the end of present verbs. It is used with forms of the verb to be, such as am, is, are, was, or were. This expresses an ongoing action


I am going to school
He is playing cricket

The verbs of a simple sentence

Verb is a core of every sentence. Without verb, a group of words is only a fragment of a sentence instead of a complete sentence. Even if a sentence contains only one word, that word must be a verb:


Run! Wait! Go! Ring!

Every verb must have a subject, expressed or understood. The subject of a verb is to assert something about its subject that is, to tell what the subject does (did, will do) or that the subject is (was, will be) something.


Subject + verb


Subject Verb
Horse eats

This sentence consists of one clause. The clause has two parts, a Subject and a Verb. But this is not a complete sentence.


Subject + Verb + Object


Subject Verb Object
Horse eats grass

The object of a clause is normally comes after the verb. This sentence is a complete sentence. The grass is clearly affected by the action of eating

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