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Definition Of Simple Prepositions:

Simple Prepositions are “short” or “little” words that express relationships including those of space, time, and degree.

Examples Of Simple Prepositions

Simple Prepositions
at by for
from in into
of off on
out over till
to up upon
with under down

Definitions of some important simple prepositions

At (near, close to, with a purpose)

At is a common preposition with two main meanings. 1.At indicates a position in space. 2. at indeicates a point in time.

1. » ‘at a position in space’

At is used for place or location, when we cannot use ON or IN.


My son is sitting at the table, doing their homework
There’s someone at the front door: I heard the bell ring.
at the beginning at the end at the front
at the back at the bottom at the entrance

In some common phrases, the is omitted.

at home at school at work

2. » ‘at a position or point in time or stages’

At is used with expressions of clock time.


The concert starts at 6.30 on Staturday evening
at the moment at lunch time at midday

3. At with Numbers

Examples In Numbers

Now a days most people retire at the age of 60
She lives at 244, North Street, England.
The police arrested him for driving a car at 120 Kmph

4. At for towards (a goal of the action)

Examples In Action

Aim at the tiger
Point at the lion
Throw a stone at the dog

By (Place, Means, After a Passive, and Time)

By as a word indicating place

By (preposition) referring to position means ‘near’ or ‘besite’ or ‘next to’


There’s a policeman standing by my car
Who’s been parking by a ‘No Parking ’ sign?
We drove by your house
The bus was going by the supermarket as I came out

Way of doing something

By as a preposition indicating means, method


You start the car by turning this sky
The thief must have left the building by the back door
We drove by your house

In taking of means of transport in general, we use by + noun without a or the


Tom goes to school by bus / train
I came home by bicycle / air

More Examples

done by a carpenter made by
by the storm by the side of
by begging by airmail
by Route 55 by the rules
by six P.M. by now
by the time by mine

For (only, particular)

For indicates : a recipient of beneficiary


We have a present for you
I have news for you
She sang a song for me

For indicates : a special purpose


You need a coat for winter
He has a bicycle for transportation
We need room for ten people for our party
This pills are for headache

For indicates : the intended result of an action

Examples For Preposition “For”

The boys were screaming for help
What are you looking for?
We need room for ten people for our party


For indicates :s a source, point of departure, separation, motion or movement

Examples For Preposition “From”

I hear from him every week
Keep away from the crowd
I come from London
Three from nine equals six
Please start from the beginning
I had an excellent flight from Delhi to London


In indicates : location inside, place, time, within, membership of group

Examples For Preposition “In”

The pens are in the box / cupboard
He sat down in the chair and read his novel
Is your brother in? (at home)
There is a boy in the river
Please fill in this form
We went in the car, but they went in a helicopter
He can’t come to the phone because he’s in bed
She was born in the 1800s


In indicates : motion, entrance, forced contact, division, conversion

Examples For Preposition “Into”

He went into the room
I got to go into hospital
They went into business together in 1979
She cut the pie into eight wedges
He always gets into trouble at school
I have translated the language English into French

Of (link of meaning)

Of indicates : belonging or connection

Examples For Preposition “Of”

The pages of the book belonging
A book of mine belonging
A guest of my father belonging
The heart of a lion belonging
The owner of the car belonging
The top of the hill part to whole
A member of Parliament member to its group
A liter of oil expression of amount
A group of student crowd, group, bunch
Much of his advice crowd, group, bunch
A bowel of fruit container or units
A bottle of milk container or units
The roar of the lion relationship between
The difficulty of learning English link of the verb be
The art of painting refer to the same person or thing
The job of being president refer to the same person or thing
The game of football linking two nouns
I am afraid of snakes linking adjectives or verbs
You must be tired of watching T.V. linking adjectives or verbs
A guest of my father belonging


Off indicates : place or movement, separate, connected, behaviour

Examples For Preposition “Off”

The car ran off the road movement
They shoveled the snow off the driveway movement
She cut off her beautiful long hair separation
Our street is off Main Street connected
The children are off school today behavior
She went off her diet again behavior


On indicates : place, movement, means of travel or time, higher than something and touching it, on the top of

Examples For Preposition “On”

Please sign your name on the dotted line place
Let’s have a barbecue on the balcony place
She rides her bicycle on the sidewalk place
That is the only place on earth where she feels safe place
The child pasted the picture on the page place
The porch is on the side of the house place
The cat is sitting on the floor place
The cat jumped on the table / window movement
I go to work on the bus travel
On Saturday we stayed at home time
How is going on? happening
What’s on at the movies? happening
I heard it on the radio through the medium of
Would you mind putting a tape on? through the medium of
Are you going to watch anything on T.V.? through the medium of
Watch on Star Movies through the medium of

Out (Adverb of place or motion)

Out indicates : removal, distribution, movement from inside, absence, a distance from, no longer in supply, position

Examples For Preposition “Out”

He pulled out a sharp knife movement from inside
The fist player to go out loses the game removal
Please take the trash out removal
The teacher told me to hand these papers out distribution
He was freezing when he got out of the water movement from inside
She took the cake out of the oven movement from inside
The boss is out of the office absence
My neighbors are out of the country this month absence
The restaurant is about three miles out of town a distance from
They had to walk to the gas station because they ran out of gas no longer in supply


Over indicates : motion, above, higher than, more than, to the other side, covering, during

Examples For Preposition “Over”

The dog jumped over the fence movement above
He ran over the bridge movement above
There is a picture of my father over my bed above
We can see the tree over the tree above
We often walk over the fields to the other side, across
I hurt my knee when I fell over movement
The child is always running over the floor with muddy feet covering
I stayed with my aunt over the weekend during
We are driving at a speed of over a hundred Kmph. more than
I have gained over five pounds this month more than
I can do simple math, but that problem is way over my head more than
She is over there, by the doctor the other side


Till indicates : a particular time


I waited till 10 o’clock at the end of time
The boys studied till midnight at the end of time


To indicates : destination, movement and direction, time, receiver, idioms

Examples For Preposition “To”

Are you coming to the party in this evening destination of a verb
How are you getting to the Airport tomorrow destination of a verb
They ride to school on the bus destination of a verb
Count from one to hundred movement
The traffic lights changed from red to green destination
The train is to New York destination of a noun
The normal working week is from Monday to Friday time
Mr. David gave a present to her girl friend Sarah receiver
He delivers the mail to the office receiver or transfer

Some verb + to (Preposition)


come to get to go to
bring to walk to move to
sink to run to return to


Up indicates : movement to a higher place, motion towards the sky, next

Examples For Preposition “Up”

He always walks up the steps to the sixth floor movement
Come up here adverbs of motion
Coming up next motion towards
He will be getting up late today motion towards
The balloon is up motion towards the sky
She lives two blocks up the street location further along
Their farm is three miles up the road location further along
She is going to travel up Route 55 movement along a way
They swam up the river for exercise against a current of water


With indicates : in the company of, instrument, having

Examples For With

We are going out for dinner. Are you come with us? together
She danced with me together
She left her children with the babysitter in the same place as
She always drinks her coffee with sugar having or adding
The man with gray hari having
I have an article with pictures for my presentation having
She sang with great skill having
He hit me with a stick instrument
I opened it with this key instrument
I write with pen instrument


Under indicates : motion, place, control

Examples Of Under

Children under the trees in a lower position
The children hid under the table covered by something else
He has three children under age ten less than
She stores all her jewellery under the bed covered by something else
You are under attest control
She is under the care of a doctor control
I paid under TEN Dollars for this camera less than
This game is only for under 19 less than


Down indicates : movement

Examples Of Down

The road runs down into a valley movement from a higher place
The old man went down the road on foot covered by something else
The intruder broke the door down destruction


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