Course Content
INTERJECTION
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Subject And Predicate
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PHRASAL VERB
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SENTENCE PATTERN
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HOMOPHONES
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Idioms And Phrases
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Definition – Question Tag
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REPORTED SPEECH
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ABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMS
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REPHRASING SENTENCES
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English Grammar Tutorials
About Lesson

THE PRONOUN

(1. Personal Pronoun, 2. Reflexive Pronoun, 3. Emphatic Pronoun, 4. Demonstrative Pronoun, 5. Relative Pronoun, 6. Interrogative Pronoun, 7. Indefinite Pronoun, 8. Distributive Pronoun)

Definition :

A pronoun is a word used instead of a common noun or a proper noun. The word pronoun means for a noun and it called a noun’s deputy.

“Pro” + “noun” typically means “in place, of, instead of” a noun or a noun phrase. Pronouns, then, replace nouns (David met Joe; he [Joe] talked for an hour) and can also refer back to nouns (David is absent, because he is ill).

CASE

Nominative Case
I We You
He She It
They    
Accusative Case
Me Us You
Him Her Them
It    
Instrumental Case
With me By me
With you By you
With him By him
With her By her
With it By it
With us By us
With you By you
With them By them
Dative Case
To me To us To you
To him To her To them
To it    
Ablative Case
From me From us From you
From himFrom From her From them
From it    
Genitive Case
My Our Your
His Her Their
It    
Locative Case
in me with me
in you with you
in him with him
in her with her
in it with it
in us with us
in you with you
in them with them

What is a noun phrase?

A noun phrase includes a noun and all of its modifiers. These modifiers include determiners and adjectives

Noun Phrase + Verb Pronoun + Verb
Tom eats He reads
The little boy eats

The Noun ‘Tom’ and ‘boy’ is replaced by the Pronoun ‘he

 

PRONOUN TAKES the place of a noun in a sentence when the noun repeated more than once.

e.g.

Incorrect Call David. I must speak to David.
Correct Call David. I must speak to him.
More Definition :

The noun represented by a pronoun is called its antecedent. The word ante means “before,” and cede means “come.” So the literal meaning of antecedent is “comes before.” Usually, the antecedent comes before the pronoun in a sentence.

Pronouns ahve masculine and feminine gender, singular and plural forms and have nominative, possessive and objectives cases

Pronouns are used as performers/subjects or as words which receive action.

e.g.

PERFORMER / SUBJECT PRONOUNS PRONOUNS WHICH RECEIVE ACTION
I me
we you
you them
he his
she her
it it
they him
who whom

Types of Pronouns by Function

More Definition :

There are several different types of pronouns, each type serving a different function in the sentence.

1. Subject Pronouns

Definition :

Pronouns that are found to the left of the main verb are called subject pronouns because they tell us who or what the doer of the verb is, or who or what is described by the verb.

Subject Pronouns
Singular Plural
I we
you you
he they
she
it

2. Object Pronouns

Definition :

Object pronouns are another type of pronoun. These are pronouns that replace nouns or noun phrases in object position in the sentence. Object position means that the noun or noun phrase receives the action of the verb.

Phrase Function
The boy reads noun phrase in subject position
Boy reads subject pronoun
The boy reads books noun phrase in object position

1. The boy is the subject of the verb reads. The noun phrase The boy answers the question Who reads?, a question that helps tell us who (or what) the subject of the verb is.

2. Since The boy is in subject position and refers to a single male person, the subject pronoun she can replace The boy

 

3. Books is the object of the verb reads. The words books answers the question What does the boy (or heread?, a question that helps tell us what (or who) the object of the verb is.

 

Following is a list of the most common pronouns:

Singular Plural Both Singular and Plural
I, me we, us any
she, her they none
he, him them all
it these most
anyone those more
either some who
each that which
many a both what
nothing ourselves you
one any  
another many  
everything few  
mine several  
his, hers others  
this    
that

 

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