Course Content
INTERJECTION
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Subject And Predicate
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PHRASAL VERB
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SENTENCE PATTERN
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HOMOPHONES
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Idioms And Phrases
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Definition – Question Tag
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REPORTED SPEECH
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ABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMS
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REPHRASING SENTENCES
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English Grammar Tutorials
About Lesson

THE NOUN – GENDER

(1.Masculine Gender, 2. Feminine Gender, 3.Common Gender, 4.Neuter Gender)

Definition :

The Gender of noun indicates the sex or the absence of sex.

For example, boy, girl, hero, heroine, lion, lioness, etc.

 

1. Masculine Gender :

Definition :

A noun that denotes a MALE SEX is called Masculine Gender.

Masculine nouns are words for men, boys and male animals.

e.g.

boy lion bull dog
 

2. Femine Gender :

Definition :

A noun that denotes a FEMALE SEX is called Femine Gender.

Feminine nouns are words for women, girls and female animals.

e.g.

girl lioness cow bitch
 

3. Common Gender :

Definition :

A noun that denotes either a male or a female sex is said to be of the common gender.

e.g.

child student friend pupil
 

4. Neuter Gender :

Definition :

A noun that denotes a lifeless thing is called Neuter Gender. The noun that denotes a thing that is neither male nor female is called Neuter Gender.

e.g.

book pen room tree

Ways of forming the feminine of Nouns

1. Here are some more masculine and feminine nouns for people.

Masculine Feminine
father mother
son daughter
brother sister
nephew niece
man woman
uncle aunt
master mistress
emperor empress
bachelor maid / spinster
sir madam

2. Here are some masculine and feminine nouns for male and female animals. There is one general word for the animal and special word for male and female.

Animal Masculine Feminine
chicken rooster hen
duck drake duck
cattle bull cow
goose gander goose
fox fox vixen
tiger tiger tigress
pig boar sow
horse stallion mare
donkey jack jenny

3. By using an entirely different words; as

Masculine Feminine
boy girl
bachelor maid / spinster
brother sister
dog bitch
king queen
drake duck
monk nun
hart roe
buck doe
earl countees

4. By adding a syllable (-ess, -ine, trix, -a, etc) as,

Masculine Feminine
author authoress
count countess
giant giantess
heir heiress
lion lioness
host hostess
mayor mayoress
steward stewardess
shepherd shepherdess
poet poetess

4. By adding -ess after dropping the vowel of the masculine ending

Masculine Feminine
Actor Actress
Duke Duchess
Emperor Empress
Tiger Tigress
Waiter waitress
Negro Negress
Abbot Abbess
Traitor Traitress
Executor Executix
Testator Testatrix

5. By a word suffix or prefix, like

Masculine Feminine
Man-servant Maid-servant
Milk-man Milk-maid
Grand-father Grand-mother
Bull-calf Cow-calf
Cock-Sparrow Hen-Sparrow
He-goat She-goat
Land-lord Land-lady
Pea-cock pea-hen

 

Note : Objects without life are often personified, that is, spoken of as if they were living beings. We then regard them as males or females.

The Masculine Gender is often applied to objects remarkable for strength and violence; as,

The Sun Summer Winter Death
The sun sheds his beams on rich and poor alike.

The Feminine Gender is sometimes applied to objects remarkable for beauty, gentleness, and gracefulness; as,

The Moon the Earth Spring Nature
The moon has hidden her face behind a cloud.

 

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