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(1.Common noun, 2. Proper noun, 3.Collective noun, 4.Abstract noun, 5.Material noun)

Definition Of Noun:

A noun is a word, it is used as the name of a person, animal, place, bird, idea, emotion or thing.

For example boy , girl, table, chair, peacock, honesty, happiness, wisdom, book etc.,


Person David, Sister, Woman, Brother
Place Chennai, London, Delhi, Maxico
Animal Tiger, Elephant, Lion, Deer
Bird Parrot, Crow, Swan, Peacock
Emotion Happiness, Sadness, Thought, Toy
Thing Pen, Book, Computer, Pencil

Types of nouns

NOUNS ARE NAMING words. They identify people, things or place in our world. Nouns come in six different forms: proper, common, abstract, concrete, collective, and compound.

Further, the nouns can be classified into two major types as : countable and uncountable nouns.


1. Common noun :

Definition :

A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class of kind.

These common nouns are words for things.


chair bicycle television
hammer ladder computer
axe calculator cooker
saw crayons book
courage ruler printer
laziness lawnmower dictionary

These common nouns are words for animals.


cat kitten lion
dog puppy tiger
horse foal elephant
goat kid whale
frog tadpole kangaroo
sheep lamb bear

These common nouns are words for places.


airport hostel temple
university hotel mosque
stadium bank school
park library college
farm theater post office
zoo mall police station

These common nouns are words for people who do certain things.


artist teacher police officer
singer headmaster plumber
dancer manager driver
director doctor writer
magician lawyer farmer
artist clerk friend

2. Proper noun :

Definition :

A proper noun is the name of some particular person, place, thing, particular event, or group. This proper noun begins with a capital letter. If the noun is nonspecific, that is, the noun refers to a general idea and not a specific person, place, or thing, it is usually not a proper noun, so it it not capitalized.


Specific Nonspecific
World war II A war
English class A class
The American Bar Association The association

These people’s names are proper nouns.


Aladdin Muhammad Ali Dad
Harry Potter George Washington Mom
Mahatma Gandhi Hitler Granny
Santa Claus Nelson Mandela Uncle David
Confucius Jayalalitha Miss Park
Alex Rodriguez Jacky chan Mr.Raj

The names of the days of the week and the months of the year are proper nouns.


days of the week months
Sunday January August
Monday February September
Tuesday March October
Wednesday April November
Thursday May December
Friday June  
Saturday July  

The names of special days and celebrations are also proper nouns.


New Year’s Day Dewali
Valentine’s Day Ramadan
Independece Day Christmas
Labour Day Memorial Day
Falg Day Thanksgiving
Republic Day Veteran’s Day

The names of famous placesbuildings and monuments are proper nouns.


The Taj Mahal The Statue of Liberty
The Eiffel Tower Chaco Canyon Pueblo
The Golden Gate Bridge the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Great Wall of China Buckingham Palace

The names of people who live in a particular country are also proper nouns.


Country People
Afghanistan Afghans
Australia Australians
Britain The British
Germany Germans
USA Americans
India Indians

3. Collective noun :

Definition :

i) A collective noun is a name of a number (collection) of persons or things taken together and spoken of as one whole as:
Crowd, mob, team, flock, herd, army, fleet, jury, family, nation, parliament, committee.

ii) Nouns that refer to a specific group of persons or things are called Collective Nouns.

These are nouns for groups of people. Here are some collective nouns for groups of people.


a family a committee
a community a company
a band a gang
a choir the government
an audience the army

Many collective nouns can be used with a singular or plural verb.


  • The crowd was orderly.
  • The people were clapping, yelling and cheering.

Here are more collective nouns we can use for groups of people.


A crowd of people An army of soldiers
a panel of judges A tem of players
a class of schoolchildren a company of actors
a gang of thieves a band of musicians

Many groups of animals have their own special collective nouns.


a brood of chickens a litter of puppies a school of fish
a flock of birds a pack of wolves a swarm of bees
a drove of sheep a pride of lions a troop of monkeys
a herd of cattle a pod of dolphins a gaggle of geese

Some groups of things also have their own special collective nouns.


a bunch of bananas a deck of cards a fleet of vehicles
a bunch of flower a cluster of grapes a suite of rooms
a bunch of keys a grove of trees a suite of furniture
a bouquet of flower a fleet of ships a set of tools

Some nouns name the amount or form of something.


a loaf of bread a bar of soap a bar of chocolate

The words a piece of mean a single serving or part of something.


a slice/piece of bread a slice/piece of cheese a sheet/piece of paper
a piece/square of chocolate a piece of chalk a piece of advice

4. Abstract noun :

Definition :

An abstract noun is usually the name of a feelings, ideas, action, state and characteristics, or qualities considered apart from the object to which it belongs as.

Most abstract nouns end with these suffixes:


-ism -ment -ity
nationalism argument personality
-tion -ship -ence
aggravation friendship silence

This abstract noun cannot be seen, heard, touched or tasted but it can only be felt by our sense. The abstract noun is not visible.


Quality wiseness, goodness, kindness, whiteness, darkness, honesty, wisdom, bravery
Action quarreling, jog, laughter, theft, movement, judgement, hatred
State poverty, childhood, boyhood, manhood, youth, slavery, sleep, death

For example, we cannot be ‘happiness’ but we can feel that in our heart or mind. The names of the subject of study (e.g. grammar, music, chemistry, etc.) are also Abstract Nouns.


(i) Concrete nouns :

in opposite to abstract noun, the concrete nouns can be seen or touched by us.


building iron steel gold

(ii) Countable nouns :

(countables) are the names of objects, people, etc. that we can count. And they have their own singular and plural forms.


book apple doctor horse
books apples doctors horses

(iii) Uncountable nouns :

(uncountable) are the names of things which we cannot count, e.g. milk, oil, sugar, gold, honesty.

The uncountable nouns generally refer to


drinks coffee, tea materials wood, glass, gold, silver
liquids milk, oil, petrol games cricket, tennis, football
gases air, oxygen    

Countable nouns have plural forms while uncountable nouns do not. Even the abstract nouns are also uncountable nouns.
For example, we say boys but we cannot say oils.


5. Material noun :

Definition :

There are the raw elements or objects existing in nature.


Iron Gold Stones Brass
Aluminium Mercury Plastic Mat
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